Rectal Polyps is one type of cancer which leads to death if not noticed on time. Although radical excision remains the treatment of choice for rectal carcinoma and large rectal polyps, laser treatment for Rectal Polyps of such tumors in patients unfit for surgery, as well as for those fit patients with small sessile rectal polyps, is a valid therapeutic option. Let us have a detailed look at the causes of Rectal Polyps which is also termed as Colorectal Cancer.
What are Polyps?
Polyps are small cell growth inside the human body, particularly inside the Colon. Polyps usually are not harmful. They remain non-cancerous for a long period of time. However, non-cancerous Polyps can develop into regular cancer within no time.
Types of Polyps
Polyps are of many types though the common ones are Adenomas Polyps or Adenomatous Polyps and Hyperplastic and Inflammatory Polyps. The main characteristics of the above types of Polyps are explained below.
Adenomas Polyps or Adenomatous Polyps
- Pre-cancerous in nature
- Capable of growing into Colon Cancer, if unattended to
Hyperplastic and Inflammatory Polyps
- Are not risky
- Do not develop into cancer
- If found towards the Colon’s right side and is large in size, dangerous
- In such cases, must be removed fully
Facts about Rectal Polyps
Some interesting facts about Rectal Polyps are given below for a better understanding about the same.
- Most Polyps remain docile. However, they stand the risk of growing into cancer formations eventually.
- Rectal Polyps can be prevented from becoming Cancerous if attended to on time
- The lining of the Rectum or Colon acts as the areas in which these abnormal cancer cells grow
- People who suffer from Crohn’s Disease or Inflammatory diseases or Ulcerative Colitis tend to get affected by Rectal Polyps easily
- People above 50 years of age are more prone to be affected by Rectal Polyps
- Family history and physical inactivity acts as two of the major reasons for getting affected by Rectal Polyps
- Heavy drinking habit, obesity and deplorable smoking habits also increase the risk of Rectal Polyps in people
- People who suffer from Type 2 Diabetes are also prone to Rectal Polyps
Medical Tests to identify Rectal Polyps
Many types of Medical Tests are available to identify Rectal Polyps. Some such tests are given below for better understanding of the process and prevention methodologies.
- Colonoscopy – This is a medical exam done to identify medical issues in Rectum and Colon. During the process of examination, the Polyps gets removed for further testing
- Sigmoidoscopy – Tests the presence of Cancer in Rectum and Sigmoid Colon in particular. Tissues samples can be obtained during the testing process and sent for Biopsy to ascertain the risk of cancer
- CT Colonography – The complete colon is tested to ascertain the presence of cancer using CT scanner
Most polyps can be removed simply and safely at the time of your colonoscopy. Colonoscopies can actually prevent cancer from developing by removing the polyps before they become cancerous.
If a rectal polyp is too large it may require surgical intervention. If the polyp is low in the rectum, it can be removed by transanal excision. Under general anesthesia, the polyp is removed through the rectum with minimal discomfort and a quick recovery. Many times this can be done as an outpatient or overnight stay. If the polyp is higher in the rectum, it can be removed with a new technique, TAMIS which stands for TransAnal Minimally Invasive Surgery.
For best treatment of rectal polyps visit Rama Krishna Hospital Kota Rajasthan.